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Evangelos Christou

James Hillman


This book was central to the discussion

"James Hillman, Enrique Pardo, Pantheatre and Metaphysics"

CDrom Series

Spring Publications has published (2007) the revised, second edition of


by Evangelos Christou
With a preface by James Hillman

This book by the philosopher and psychologist Evangelos Christou outlines a fundamental logic for psychotherapy that is distinct from that of the natural sciences or philosophy. He proves that psychotherapy has its own legitimate area of activity and that its rights are based on the soul.

Greek by birth, Christou was raised in Alexandria, Egypt. He was educated at Cambridge (by Wittgenstein, among others) and trained at the C.G. Jung Institute in Zurich. He died tragically in a car accident in the Western Desert in Egypt in 1956. THE LOGOS OF THE SOUL , published posthumously in 1963, is his only book.

Excerpt from James Hillman's Preface:

This monograph is an essay in clarification. It attempts to think through a fundamental logic for psychotherapy and to separate this logic from that of the natural sciences and from that of philosophy. Psychotherapy has its own legitimate area of activity and its rights are based on the soul, which, like the realms of matter and of mind, requires a logic of procedure, a book of words. The failure of psychotherapy to make clear its legitimacy has resulted in psychologies that are bastard sciences and degenerate philosophies. Psychotherapy has attempted to support its pedigree by appropriating logics unsuited for investigating its area. As these borrowed methods fail one by one, psychotherapy seems more and more dubious — neither good physics, good philosophy, nor good religion. Psychotherapists suffer from not being able to communicate about their area of reality in a scientific manner.
    Psychologists evade this problem of fundamentals in accordance with their personal leanings. Those in the laboratory pattern themselves upon their colleagues whose operational systems come from the natural sciences; those following their medical associates do not seek beyond the heuristic and therapeutic. Others regret that psychology was ever split off from philosophy; they would reformulate the problems of the soul by means of strict linguistic analysis. The academies, wherever they have not succumbed to scientism in one form or another, simply describe and classify types, states, processes and functions. Last, least, and worst are those who are pleased to let things be. Contemporary Romantics, they prefer to keep psychotherapy occult, protecting the soul from the insult of intellectual clarification.
    The problem that the author attacks in this monograph is the most difficult in psychology, more difficult even than the classical one of consciousness. It is so difficult because it takes up first principles, the very method by means of which any psychological investigation can be carried on at all . . .
    Not only then does this essay drive straight to the heart of the psychotherapist's malaise, but it shows why this malaise, this sense of inferiority and illegitimacy, can never be cured by borrowing. Psychology does not become more scientific by becoming more like logic or like physics, says our author; it will become more scientific when it works out its own first premises and sticks to the categories of its own sort of reality. From within this reality, the reality of the psychologist as psychotherapist, the main problems of any scientific method are taken up. What is “meaning” in psychology? And how does it happen? What do we mean by "psychological reality," "psychological experience"? What is "observation" in psychology; is it introspection, or observation of behavioral acts, or neither? And how do we verify statements in psychology? What are the criteria for establishing an hypothesis without having recourse to the kinds of verification used in logic or in physics?
    Throughout all this prodigious exercise of intellect, the author yet remains the practicing psychotherapist, burning with the problems of the living soul. His use of reason is always for the sake of the psyche: "Although the clarification of such beliefs requires a great deal of clear thinking, it is not for the sake of the thinking but for the ulterior effect that the ideas arrived at will have on the soul. Put it slightly differently and say that part of the process of psychic development consists in making ideas that are hazy, unclear or outright unconscious, clear
and concise."
    He is thus a true heir of Socrates, of the theological philosophers of the North African shore, of the logical philosophers of Cambridge, and of Jung. The clarification of ignorance through reason must be for the sake of virtue, for the sake of the realization of personality. Experience and revelation are the fathers of intellectual formulation, and the end result of intellect used rightly is therapy.

Ginette Paris

Ginette Paris has contributed to various Pantheatre events.

Spring Publications is pleased to announce the immediate availability (2007) of


by Ginette Paris

Issues of life and death, love and responsibility are at the core of every religion. That is why the English translation of this book was originally published with the title THE SACRAMENT OF ABORTION, as it shows that the decision to abort may also spring from a religious feeling that it is the "right" thing to do, both physically and spiritually: "Abortion is about love, life, and death."

Ginette Paris
is core faculty and research coordinator in the Mythological Studies Program and Research Coordinator at Pacifica Graduate Institute. She is the author of PAGAN MEDITATIONS and PAGAN GRACE. Her forthcoming book DEATH PSYCHOLOGY AFTER NEUROSCIENCE: WISDOM, PSYCHE, AND THE HUMANITIES will be published by Routledge in July 2007.

Excerpt from Ginette Paris's Introduction:

I have drawn inspiration throughout this book from a guiding image, the Artemis of Greek mythology (known to the Romans as Diana). She is an untamed goddess, a champion of what we would think of today as ecological values. I have chosen her to enrich these reflections on abortion because her myth is full of what appear to be contradictory elements, the same kinds of contradictions that abound in considerations of abortion. Artemis is both a protector of wild animals and a hunter who kills them with unerring aim. How can the same divinity be the patron saint of hunters and the protector of animals? Greek women invoked her name during the pains of labor, but if a woman were to die or the infant could not survive, then a quick death, considered preferable in Greek eyes to a long agony or a life of suffering, was also attributed to Artemis.   
    The same goddess thus offers both protection and death to women, children, and animals. Why these contradictions? Why are they personified in a feminine divinity? Is it a way of saying that a woman's protective power cannot function properly if she does not also possess full power, namely the power over death as well as life? Her image belongs to us as well as to antiquity because, like all fundamental images of the human experience, which C.G. Jung called "archetypes," she never really ages but reappears in different forms and different symbols. So we may ask ourselves what is happening today to this archetype that combines in such a paradoxical way the love of life and the acceptance of death. She encourages us to become more aware of the power of death, its inescapable nature, and its necessary role in a living ecology.
Abortion is about love, life, and death.

[. . .]

This little book develops the idea that abortion is a sacred act, that it is an expression of maternal responsibility and not a failure of maternal love. If the issues surrounding life and death and children and love are not religious issues, or at least spiritual ones, what is left that is religious? But if we accept abortion as a religious act, then many questions arise. What sort of religion do we mean? Who defines it? What values does it represent?
    Judeo-Christian values, which may have seemed necessary, perhaps even redemptive, some 2,000 years ago, now appear more and more irresponsible, and I will try to show how they are infinitely more cruel than abortion. What is a moral stand on reproduction worth if it doesn't take responsibility for the children born of a religious duty? What kind of a pope ( el Papa in Italian) invests in Wall Street instead of providing for the hungry and destitute? What kind of fundamentalist morality turns its back on the suffering of mothers and couples and children when babies arrive unwanted in the world? And, above all, can we accept any kind of religious morality that has lost sight of the larger implications of a global ecology?


Sonu Shamdasani

Jung and the Making of Modern Psychology: The Dream of A Science
by Sonu Shamdasani
Cambridge University Press
, December 2003

"Mandatory reading..." an article by Enrique Pardo

Stephen Karcher, published May 13th 2003 - "...I am impressed by the way you have now made yours the material, I mean taken it into your sense of the poetics of the tradition." Enrique Pardo

La Voix

Paris 01 2003
Tables Rondes
Round Tables

3 articles de références présentés lors des Tables Rondes à Paris de Janvier 2003

Laurent Colomb : "Le ROY HART THEATRE ou la Voix des limbes"

Alain Marc : "La Voix du Cri"
voir aussi
LA VOIX DU CRI - fragments - d'après l'intervention d'Alain Marc, lors de la Table Ronde « Mythes de la Voix » du mercredi 12 février 2003, Panthéâtre, Paris quartier du Marais.

François Lassagne : "Maîtriser la Voix, de la Pédagogie a la Synthèse Artificielle: Un Phénomène Sonore aux Frontières des Sciences."

January 2003, a Paris round table discussion was dedicated to American researcher and singer Amy Rome, who presented the world-famous Portuguese singer Dulce Ponte. Archive documents include an introduction by Enrique Pardo, and summaries of the material presented.

Jungian Reflections on September 11 - superb collection of essays, including Hillman and Guigerich. From Daimon Verlag.

Mediterranean Mosaic - Popular Music and Global Sounds
Edited by Goffredo Plastino -- Routledge, New York, 2003, 336 pages
Steven Connor
A Cultural HIstory of Ventriloquism

THE book of the year 2003 - linking voice and myth. One of the main sources of inspiration for the Myth and Theatre Festival on "Myths of the Voice"
apparently some copies are available from

Spring Journal
Issues 66 on Divination, and 67 on Narcissism, and now
68 on Jungian Fundamentalism. 69 on "Education".
Charles Boer
An edited video of "Jason and Medea : Postmortem" created in 1998 in Milano is available, with a translation of the text by Charles Boer !
Psyche Psyche on stage - Enrique Pardo's work is revolutionary
an article by Cliff Bostock
Noah Pikes
Dark Voices The Genesis of the Roy Hart Theatre
Spring Journal Publications - New & Revised Edition
Linda Wise "Placing the Voice : Excentric Views"
a talk delivered at the Sydney Jung Society, November 98
Wolfgang Giegerich "The Soul's Logical Life"
anyone associated with archetypal psychology has to address his critique
Rafael Lopez-Pedraza  a book on painter Anselm Kiefer
extraordinary reflections on the notion of "shadow"
Sonu Shamdasani 
"Cult Fictions" polemics around C.G.Jung, and a thorough 

refutal of Richard Noll's books + 

the centenial Sigmund Freud exhibition scandal
Ginette Paris a Mythology CDRom
a colossal CDRom on mythology (Greek): sources, references, indexes
Video VIDEO documentary
a superbly assembled 110 minutes video documentary of a workshop by Enrique Pardo
Angels "The Angels' Hideout"
an article by Enrique Pardo on the inclusion of text in choreographic theatre



  • Nick Hobbs, Istambul & London, Pantheatre collaborator, playwright and music expert :



Jung and the Making of Modern Psychology: The Dream of A Science
by Sonu Shamdasani

Cambridge University Press, December 2003

"Mandatory reading for anyone connected with Pantheatre ! The most lucid and limpid overview of the making of ideas in contemporary psychology. Especially relevant for artists interested in psyche, and even more so if C. G. Jung is somehow a background figure of reference and inspiration.

Originally, Sonu thought of using the word "prism" in the title and has included a methodological chapter on how he chose to respond to Jung's kaleidoscopic, encyclopedic ambitions: as through a cubist prism. He mentions as inspiring figures John Coltrane, Fernando Pesoa, Carla Bley, Charlie Haden and, of course, Jose Luis Borges. In terms of cubism, I would add "synthetic cubism" - possibly where Picasso's image-thinking genius was at its most acute, gathering back and commenting the splintering done by "analytical" cubism (the image-breaking Picasso-Braque period.) Sonu does something similar, not only to Jung and to the splintering of schools of psychology, but to the very concept of "analysis" itself - he also coins the intellectual origins of how the word "analysis" got into psychology, and "archetype", and even dreams for that matter !

At the Pantheatre May 2001 Annual Workshop Symposium (the 20th anniversary one), we had a round table on "Why Jung?": why does the figure of Jung appear so often in the references and work of the circle of friends that inspire Pantheatre - and some who have nothing to do with Jungian psychotherapy, like Charles Boer, Jay Livernois, Stephen Karcher, Ginette Paris. Others are indeed 'Jungian' psychotherapists: Nor Hall, Paul Kugler, Patricia Berry, to mention a few. Pantheatre and my own work were primarily inspired not by the work of Jung but by James Hillman's, who later honoured us accepting to be Pantheatre's honorary president*. The general answer was: "not so much because Jung was a great thinker - but because he opened and kept open the widest range of fields of psyche and of artistic-intellectual-therapeutic investigations."

Sunu's book vindicates and fully qualifies this view. It is also very clear (and tough) on any dogmatic or "scientific" links between metapsychological ideologies and clinical claims. For artists, the book is at the same time sobering - even disenchanting: a lot of inflated concepts that are used to back up artistic propositions are knocked off their high horses - and refreshingly challenging in the 'poetic justice' it does to artistic image-thinking ("le roi est nu!": Jung obviously did not fear it, why should we?) Plus, and it is a great plus, Sonu's writing is a gem of no-nonsense tact, and artful enunciation."


* A footnote on a footnote: Hillman is mentioned once in Sonu's book, in a footnote on page 161. This footnote functions, from my point of view, like the proverbial eye of the needle: the throng of ideas that fight for survival in the historico-scientific grids of Sonu's book go through this footnote fulcrum and emerge radically altered in Hillman's landscape of the imagination, where the dream is envisioned from an artistic/dramatic point of view. Sonu's footnote states that Hillman's "The Dream and the Underworld" is the exception to the lack of elaboration and criticism in the psychology of dreams. You can deduce why the Hillman / Jung / Shamdasani triangle is so interesting to us !

Enrique Pardo, Paris, December 24, 2003

See also Sonu Shamdasani Cult Fictions


Stephen Karcher : TOTAL I CHING
Myths for Change

Time Warner Books UK, London - published May 13 2003

Linda Wise : Placing The Voice, Excentric Views

Delivered at the Jung Society of Sydney in November 1998, within a cycle of talks dedicated to Places. The notion of "placing one's voice" is central to voice techniques. In this talk, Linda Wise opened perspectives on the links between voice, place and psyche. Contact

Mediterranean Mosaic - Popular Music and Global Sounds
Edited by Goffredo Plastino
Routledge, New York, 2003, 336 pages


Introduction - Sailing the Mediterranean Musics, by Goffredo Plastino

1. Paint It Black, Cat - Rock, Pop and the Mediterranean, by Franco Fabbri

2. Seeking Connections through a Sea - Mediterranean Sounds in Spanish Folk
and Popular Music, by Silvia Martinez

3. Moroccan World Beat through the Media, by Antonio Baldassarre

4. Pop-Ra’ - From a Local Tradition to Globalization, by Gabriele Marranci

5. "New Sounds, Old Tunes" - Tunisian Media Stars Reinterpret the Ma'luf, by
Ruth Davis

6. Some Meanings of the Spanish Tinge in Contemporary Egyptian Music, by
Michael Frishkopf

7. Yam Tikhniyut - Transformations of Mediterraneanism in Israeli Music, by
Edwin Seroussi

8. Crossing the Boundaries - The Akdeniz Scene and Mediterraneanness, by
Yetkin ?zer

9. Between East and West - Contemporary Grooves in Greek Popular Music (c.
1990-2000), by Kevin Dawe

10. Klapa Singing and Ca-val - The Mediterranean Dimension of Popular Music
in Croatia, by Yosko Caleta

11. Inventing Ethnic Music - Fabrizio De Andr?'s Creuza de ma and the
Creation of Musica mediterranea in Italy

12. Sacred Popular Music of the Mediterranean and the Journey to Jerusalem,
by Philip V. Bohlman


Wolfgang Giegerich : The Soul's Logical Life

Recommended by Sonu Shamdasani in the following terms : "He has a great section on how the Jungians have forfeited Jung's inheritance. His critique of archetypal psychology, which I find trenchant, is really the most important thing that has been written on the subject since "Re-visioning Psychology" (by James Hillman, 1975), and is historically significant - as I see it, anyone associated with archetypal psychology has to address his critique."

The Soul's Logical Life, Art.-No. 33277 orders from Peter Lang AG -- P.O. Box 277 Jupiterstrasse 15 CH-3000 Bern 15, Switzerland Phone: ++41 (31) 940 21 21 Fax: ++41 (31) 940 21 31 e-mail: It's probably easiest to order by e-mail. They take credit cards (VISA and Eurocard/MasterCard). Recommended price: DM 78.- / US $ 45.95 plus postage. Announcement of the book (table of contents and preface of the book) :

Enrique Pardo - Shadow Boxing VIDEO documentary
A superbly assembled video documentary on a 5 day workshop directed by Enrique Pardo at the International Workshop Festival, at the Chisenhale Dance Space, London, September '97. The editing follows subtly and with great humour Enrique's pedagogical and mythological commentaries: one hears the instructions, the critical comments, the mythological associations, while watching the participants at work - mainly actors and dancers, but including non performers (visual artists, therapists). Enrique carried a discreet radio microphone which recorded some of the more intimate exchanges.
The tape is 110 minutes long, and is of interest mainly to those familiar with Enrique's work and mythological research. It condenses a 5 day introduction to his work, starting with basic choreographic exercices and leading to more complex acting with texts.
Copies are available, in any of the world's formats - i.e.SECAM, NTSC, PAL etc. The cost per copy which is on VHS High Grade quality tape and includes a white plastic case is £10 per tape for individuals , plus £2.50 for the postage and packaging. Orders must be accompanied by payment in sterling made payable to the Arts Documentation Unit - cheque drawn on an English bank, international Postal Money order ( available in the USA and Canada), Eurocheque in sterling etc. The Arts Archives has some 50 master teachers documentaries available.
Peter Hulton Arts Documentation Unit 6a Devonshire Place Exeter EX4 6JA. U.K.

Rafael Lopez-Pedraza // Anselm Kiefer

Note from Enrique : An extraordinary book, especially in its reflection on the notion of "shadow" : "Anselm Kiefer - After the Catastrophe", by Rafael Lopez-Pedraza, who wrote "Hermes and his Children", one of the founding books of Pantheatre (Pan is one of Hermes' children). This new book is a dialogue between the work of a now famous contemporary german painter, and a jungian approach to the notion of shadow. One need not like or agree with either, but the quality and depth of reflection of Lopez-Pedraza's is stunning.

It is also Serious with the biggest capital "S" I can imagine - which I consider a salutary portent when about to embark on a 'cabaret' on shadow! (performed in Cambridge, April 98). I came across the book while in Rome, setting up the "Superstition" project - also an encouraging portent !

Thames and Hudson - London1996 - ISBN 0-500-01757-3

Sonu Shamdasani out in the battlefield

Sonu was one of the scholars who questioned the way the centennial exhibition on Sigmund Freud was being set up by the Library of Congress in Washington; it was postponed after huge international polemics. You can browse through that battlefield visiting a special web site : visit
In the meantime, Sonu has taken on another battlefield, the Jungian one, this time! Here is the announcement for the book:

Cult Fictions
C. G. Jung and the Founding of Analytical Psychology
Routledge, March 1998

"As the inspection of Freud's legacy leads scholars to seriously examine his persona, so has analytical psychology come under scrutiny in a whirl of controversy over the character of its founder, C. G. Jung, including claims that Jung was a charlatan and a self-appointed demi-god. It is claimed that this cult is alive and well in Jungian psychology today, which continues to masquerade as a genuine professional discipline, whilst selling false dreams of spiritual redemption.

In Cult Fictions, leading Jung scholar Sonu Shamdasani presents the history of the movement's founding, from Jung's establishment of the Psychological Club in Zurich in 1916 to the reformulations of his approach by his followers. It assesses the evidence for the cultic allegations, which it demonstrates to be fallacious. Cult Fictions presents a sober, accurate and revealing account of the history of the Jungian movement and an agenda for the evaluation of analytical psychology today." 

Ginette Paris : Mythology CDRom

Ginette Paris and a team of researchers have completed a colossal CDRom on mythology (Greek): sources, references, indexes, it is all in there, illustrations and all! Incredibly helpful to consult. She has also set up a Foundation for Mythological Studies around this project. Now on Mac and PC versions.

Foundation for Mythological Studies 930 Culebra Road - Hillsborough, CA - 94010 USA ** Centre JA De Seve * UQAM * C.P. 8888, Succursale Centre-Ville * Montreal, Quebec * H3C 3P8 * Canada * T: (514) 987-3000, ext3086 # * F:(514) 987-7917 *

Foundation website : /// email :

Enrique Pardo : 
"The Angels' Hideout", published in Performance Research Journal, UK, Sept 98. Includes reflections on text in choreographic theatre (strategies of Conversion and Contradiction) - mythological speculations on dance, on angels and emotion, and on the 1996 performance "The Angels' Hideout". Contact 

"Dark Voices - The Genesis of Roy Hart Theatre”
New & Revised Edition - Spring Journal Books 2005

"Noah Pikes has assembled for the first time a narrative which traces not only the stories and achievements of Alfred Wolfsohn and Roy Hart - pioneers in extended voice and interdisciplinary theatre respectively - but also a cast of characters who made up Roy Hart Theatre in the 60s and 70s". This new edittion includes letters exchanged between Alfred Wolfsohn and C.G. Jung.

Europe - 25 € or £18 (Including P&P)

from: Noah Pikes,CAIRH, Maléragues, 30140 Anduze, FRANCE


Spring Journal

Orders from Spring Journal Publications


Issue 66 DIVINATIONS has 2 articles by Stephen Karcher, one by Rachel Pollack, and eight other articles.

Spring 67-Narcissism - includes Enrique Pardo's article on Romeo Castellucci.

A wit (not Oscar Wilde!) once said that a narcissist is anyone who looks better than you do. But really-what do Jungians and post-Jungians think of this psychological term that is oh so Freudian? After all Jung mentioned narcissism only once in his writings (see the quote below), and James Hillman writes on it lightly, and then, like Jung, primarily to criticize and dismiss it. Why is this? Is it because from an archetypal position narcissism is simply a confusion of the myth and image with a complex of egotistical subjectivity? Or is there a deeper philosophical problem in narcissism connected to a way of being which seems endemic to a Hollywood driven imagination and is viewed with contempt by intellectuals?
Spring 67 takes on these questions of narcissism and more. Mythologist, translator, and former editor Charles Boer goes right to the problem and asks if perhaps it is a question of Hermes. Anais Spitzer looks at Narcissus mythologically and psychologically along with the classical figures of Eros and Oedipus. Greg Mogenson tackles the question connecting it with the problem of shame. Plus this issue has a brilliant article by the European director and actor Enrique Pardo on Italian theatre (acting-is there a more narcissistic profession?). There is also James Siegel on a new idea of the microcosm, a memoir by the New York artist Ann McCoy of Mary Bancroft (an anti-narcissist if there ever was one), a chapter from Michael Ortiz Hill's new book on Africa (written in his seductive Californian style), a Robert Henderson interview of Joseph Henderson, Tom Cheetham on Henry Corbin, and more.

"Every man who pursues his own goal is a 'narcissist' - though one wonders how permissible it is to give such wide currency to a term specifically coined for the pathology of neurosis. The statement therefore amounts to nothing; it merely elecits the faint surprise of a bon mot." C. G. Jung